Dendrochronology crossdating

In its unshredded state cedar bark is cut in strips of varying widths, the broader ones plaited to serve as dishes or as individual plates, as used by the Cowlitz, who also interweave cedar and maple to make larger platters. A small, coarse, twilled mat is used by several Puget Sound tribes for laying out boiled salmon.

Canoe bailers are folded of large pieces of cedar bark and lashed with wild cherry bark.

The Quileute string pecten shells on a small cedar limb as a dance rattle.

Cedar limbs are used for openwork baskets by the Quinault and Squaxin, and also for weaving with vine maple sticks for fish weirs, and by the Snuqualmi for tying the poles of the summer house.

Pollen cones 1-3 mm, borne in a cup formed by two leaf pairs at the tips of lateral spray branchlets. Seed cones are borne in the medial region of lateral spray branchlets, ellipsoid, composed of 4 pairs of scales (2-3 fertile pairs) arranged in 4 ranks, 10-12 mm long and about half as wide when dry and fully opened, each with a nearly terminal deltate projection.

Second-year twigs brown, sheathed in dead leaves that are mostly fallen from the 3rd-year and older twigs, which are smooth, lustrous red-brown aging to dark grey, fibrous bark becoming noticeable on branches more than about 2 cm diameter.

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Found on various substrates, commonly on moist sites, in mixed coniferous forests (Chambers 1993). Also noteworthy is the Willaby Creek tree, south of Lake Quinault in the Olympic Mountains of Washington, also easily accessed by trail, 59.4 m tall with a wood volume of 351 cubic meters (Van Pelt 2001). Sun foliage differs in that sprays are more flexible and less planar, with smallest shoots upturned and nearly round. Shade leaves scale-like, decurrent, opposite in 4 ranks, each leaf green, glabrous, 1-6 mm long including decurrent base (shortest at tips, longest at base of shoot), acute to abruptly acuminate, often mucronate; stomata forming an irregular patch on the lower side of each leaf.The Quileute string dried clams and smelts for storage on strips of cedar bark.For many purposes cedar bark is dyed with alder juice to give it a rich red-brown color.